Cognates - verwandte Wörter (related words)

About 200 million people speak German in this world, 20 Million are presently learning German. Learning German will probably be easier than you think, because German and English are similar, they are both Germanic Languages. Throughout the ages, the Germanic Language developed and underwent various changes. Some changes are sound changes while others manifest themselves in spelling primarily in the change of consonants.

In addition there are a number of Loan Words from the German language, which are used requently by American speakers.

I. Here are some words that are identical in both English and German: 

blond, elegant, gold, intelligent, modern, normal, warm, wild, 
der September, der April, der August, der November,
der Wind, der Arm, der Ball, der Name, der Tourist, der Winter, der Finger, der Bus, der Sport,
die Hand, die Butter, die Party, die Cola,
das Auto, das Hotel, das Restaurant, das Taxi, das Sofa, das Land,

II. There are many similar words, which one can easily identify. You will have to make an adjustment in spelling in order to determine the meaning. If words undergo more than one spelling change, you will have to do some intelligent guessing.
 

der Januar, der Februar, der Mai, der Juni, der Juli, der Oktober, der Dezember 
das Telefon, das Ende, die Nudeln, die Suppe,

III. Here are some examples of the changes which have occurred.

a. the "d" and "t" in German change often to "th" in English. 

das Ding,  tausend,  danke, 
der Dorn,  die Feder der Bruder,
das Bad,  das Wetter der Dieb, 
der Vater,  der Durst, denken

b. German "t" will often change to "d" in English
 
tanzen, der Diamant kalt,
tun, der Tropf die Tür
trinken, der Garten, das Bett
tunken unter, hart

c. German "pf," "ff" and "f"sometimes change to "p" in English, as in Pfeife: pipe. 
der Apfel der Bischof
der Pfeffer die Pflanze
der Pfennig helfen
der Griff pflücken

d. German "z," "tz," "s," "ss", and "ß" sometimes change to "t" in English, as in Biß: bite.
das Wasser der Kessel
der Fuß das Salz
besser glitzern
das Zinn sitzen

e. German "ch" and "ck" sometimes change to "k" in English, such as in backen: bake.
das Buch der Storch
der Elch die Milch

f. German "k" sometimes changes to a "c" or "ch" as in Käse: cheese.
das Kinn der Kapitän
der Keller die Karte
kommen der Korken

g. German "sch" will sometimes change to a "ch" or "sh" or "s" in English, as in Schimpanse: chimpansee. 
scharf der Scheck
der Schleim das Schwein
der Fisch der Busch

h. German "z" will sometimes change to a "c" in English, as in zirca: circa. 

der Zirkus die Medizin
der Tanz sozial
die Zivilization die Spezifikation

i. German "b" sometimes changes to "f" or "v" in English, as in eben: even.
 

das Kalb halb
das Fieber sieben

j. German "-ig," "-lich," "-isch," and "-ität" sometimes change to "-y," "-ly," "-al,""-ity," "-ic," or "-ful" in English, as in sonnig: sunny.
romantisch hungrig
musikalisch freundlich
die Qualität die Spezialität


Letís read - Lesen wir!

Der Wein ist warm.
... unter die Tür

Sie trinkt Bier.

Der Winter ist lang.

Der Vater ist alt.

Vater und Mutter tanzen.

Mein Name ist Hans Müller.

Mein Bruder ist jung.

Meine Adresse ist: 1234 Gartenstrasse, Berlin.

Die Mutter ist hier. Der Dieb ist hier.

Das Bett ist hart.

Die Butter ist hart.

Der Wind ist kalt

Der Tourist dankt. Das Ende ist gut.

Can you figure out some more German cognates?
http://www.csuchico.edu/~goulding/german1/cognates.htm

Development of the German and English Languages

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